The list of people who suffer when a person gets addicted to drugs starts with the addict themselves and continues on until the entire society is brought into the picture.
The link between alcohol, drugs and crime is one of the most noteworthy parts of risks resulting from the consumption of alcohol and drugs.
In a country such as the UK, an overwhelming number of crimes that eventually lead to jail time such as DUIs, domestic violence and other such problems usually have something to do with alcohol and drugs.
Because of such extensive increase in the abuse of substance, the number of people in prison has drastically increased.
40% of all violent crimes are attributed to alcohol according to the Ministry of Justice which has confirmed that nearly 37% of about 2 million convicted offenders who are presently in jail were reportedly consuming alcohol during the time of their arrest.
It was discovered that law violations that involved the use of violence, such as sexual assault, domestic abuse, physical attacks, and homicides, involved alcohol in some way when compared to any other illicit substance. The number of crimes where the victims perceive the offenders as alcohol users is up to 3 million, and available data about violent offenders and their alcohol use also shows that, more than half of the entire cases of assault and homicide happened when the victim, the offender or the duo were consuming alcohol. The law breaker was probably consuming alcohol than any other illicit substance in case that involve violence, apart from robberies.
In an act of aggression where the attacker and victim are familiar with each other, alcohol is usually the contributing issue. 31 percent of attacks by strangers involved alcohol, and two out of three victims who were assaulted by a fellow prisoners (including past and current lovers, whether married or not) said that it was alcohol-related. Offenders who have been drinking are involved in approximately 500,000 offences between intimates; also, alcohol is involved in 118,000 occurrences of family aggression (excluding spouses), and also the rate of alcohol involvement in incidents among acquaintances is at 744,000.
There exists a difficult connection between crime and drugs, and it is debatable if drug abusers are already involved in crime, or if they are led to those activities as a result of drugs.
A lot of individuals who break the law have never abused illicit substances, and a lot of abusers of illicit substances don't break the law in many other ways. But severe illicit substance abuse can worsen already existing law breaking tendencies, and when serious levels of illicit substance abuse are involved, law breaking usually correlates with illicit substance abuse.
There are essentially three types of crimes, which are related to drugs:
Law violations where there is material gain, such as shop lifting or housebreaking, or larceny and robbery, or other law violations meant to satisfy the habit, are the crimes that addicted individuals are mostly apprehended for. For instance, in 2004, 17% of detainees said they conferred the crime to acquire cash for medications. When it comes to boys and girls or women and men, where many of them are recognised by the criminal justice system, strong connections have been established between being exploited for or involved in prostitution and substance abuse. Because of the forced prostitution and the need to find ways of dealing with it, the evidence suggests that these individuals have turned to illicit substance abuse.
Being the third most reported law violation, over one million individuals have been apprehended by the law for operating a vehicle while drunk in the UK. Drunk driving is considered as the number one cause of bodily harm, physical challenge and death among young people underneath 21 years of age and accounts for 40% of traffic offenses committed. Car accidents involving someone driving while intoxicated kill about 36 people and injured 700 others daily. Nearly 18 percent of road accident fatalities involve illicit substances, like weed and cocaine, or taking them in combination with alcoholic beverages.
It has been estimated that one-eighth of weekend and nigh time motorists gave positive results when screened for drugs in 2007, as reported by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. One out of every eight seniors in high school responded to a study conducted in 2010 confirmed that they had been driving after smoking marijuana within two weeks earlier in the survey interview.
Most of the physician endorsed drugs such as opioid pain killers and benzodiazepenes usually recommended for uneasiness or rest issue provides clear warning against driving and operation of machinery for a predetermined time after consuming the drug. The abuse of prescription drugs [ingested without medical supervision] can result in impaired driving apart from various harmful reactions becoming likely.
Four out of five preteens and adolescents who are in juvenile detention centres are apprehended for law violations where illicit substances or alcohol was involved, they ere drunk or high from alcoholic beverages or illicit substances, confessed to having dependency and substance misuse problems, and / or they gave a positive screening for drugs.
Of 2.4 million total juvenile arrests, 1.9 million had substance abuse or addiction involvement but only 68,600 of these received treatment for their substance abuse problem.
Three out of four reported cases of alcohol related violence between spouses involves a drunken offender.
In a 1999 study, assaults that had happened within the previous twelve months to women by their partners reported significantly higher problems with health and substance abuse. 16% of the adult females did not experience any physical violence, but for those that did, 33% of them reported some form of substance abuse.
Domestic violence can also affect other members of the family. A UK study found that there was a 50% greater chance for children who witnessed their mother being abused to abuse drugs and/or alcohol.
Drugs were involved in just 9 percent of the reported cases where someone was assaulted, while alcohol was reported in 55 percent of the cases (5 percent of cases had a direct link to drugs, versus the 65% that were directly linked to alcohol when it came to spousal physical abuse).
There are several factors that add up and lead to child maltreatment, even though there are no particular profiles for abusive individuals and no "cause" associated with the maltreatment. Most often stress and pressure on the family, liquor and medication addiction, and social separation prompt to parental anxiety and results in a parent abusing their children. Of child abusers, nearly four in ten report that they had been under the influence of alcohol at this time.
More than half of the detainees require compulsory treatment for medication manhandle and addiciton but then less than 20 percent who require treatment get it.
Without getting medical care for their dependency, avoiding law violations and re-apprehension by the law in future is impossible for a lot of individuals in the system. After release from prison, about 95% of former inmates go back to using drugs and alcohol and 60 - 80 % of these abusers commit a new crime, usually drug related.
Treatment and recovery from addiction breaks the vicious cycle of criminal offense resulting from drug and alcohol abuse. Research has proven that treatment does work - people do recover from addiction and can maintain being abstinent from drugs and alcohol. Research also indicates reduction of substance abuse is equal to criminal acts decline. A jail or a prison should be the location where people who are incarcerated can get the help that is required.
Treatment can also save money. One research which was conducted earlier revealed that for every dollar spent for the treatment for substance abuse lead to savings of about '5.60 because of fewer arrests, incarcerations, food stamp use, fewer child welfare and medical costs. As the criminal conduct diminishes as liquor and medication utilize diminish, it also go a long way in saving tax money through proper medication counteractive action and treatment.