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Medication For Treating Addiction

How Addiction Treatment Has Improved Due To Medication


The use of other drugs may be needed to ensure the treatment is a success and that withdrawal symptoms are eased. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. Some people striving to quit drugs or alcohol relapse since they cannot deal with withdrawal side effects. A patient can be put on these medications for the relief of withdrawal symptoms either as an in or out patient. The adjustment of dosage in treatment is only made for user to achieve proper soberness.


Some medicines can imitate the symptoms of habit-forming drugs, which alleviates withdrawal effects and cravings.


Drug Withdrawal And Detoxification

The body has to get rid of the last remnants of the drug in the first stage of recovery. This is cleansing or detox. It depends on the drug that how last the detox will be, for some days or some weeks.

The detox period is made difficult by the withdrawal symptoms that result from denying the body the drug it has become accustomed to. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. Long-time drug users who took massive doses experience the most severe withdrawal symptoms.


The patient may experience horrible symptoms during detox. They may include:

  • Anxiousness
  • Desolation
  • Sickness or feeling sick
  • Fits
  • Pain in the muscles
  • Sweating

There are a list of different medications that can be used during detox. The doctor might recommend a patient to take some of the following:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • Anxiety and crabbiness can be decrease by these medicines.
  • Anxiety and stress are a common symptom of detox from many drugs.
  • The recommended Benzos give a soothing feeling that helps withdrawal also from alcohol.
  • Due to the addictive nature of Benzodiazepines, doctors tend to be cautious when prescribing them.
  • Antidepressants
  • A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
  • Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
  • Mood lifting medications like Zoloft and Prozac help in reducing these symptoms till the brain can function naturally again.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine can reduce anxiousness, muscle aches, sweating and cramps and is used to treat withdrawal from opioids and alcohol.
  • Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.

People who are detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines for instance Valium or Xanax must never leave "cold turkey" in middle as their withdrawal sign can be fatal. Complications from other drugs can arise but are not considered life threatening. There is a complete surety of success and security in detox.

Talk to someone who can help you if you are going through addiction problem.


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Medicines For Treating Alcohol Addiction

The period of withdrawal signs range from several weeks to months depending on the extended time of abusing alcohol regularly. These symptoms that last a long time are also known as Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS).

With treatments such as maintenance therapy, the PAWS can be relieved as well as the cravings and they may also make the user unable to stomach alcohol. The medication is usually taken as a single pill once a day.


Alcohol addiction medication includes:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone is a drug that blocks the brain receptors that produce the pleasurable effects of alcohol.
  • The craving for alcohol is also reduced by the drug.
  • There are side effects of using Naltrexone including headaches and nausea.
  • It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • Alcoholism can produce side effects such as emotional and physical distress and Acamprosate can relieve these.
  • Once alcohol detox is complete the patient can begin to take Acamprosate.
  • Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • This was the first approved medication for alcohol abuse.
  • Side effects like vomiting are likely to occur if a person taking Disulfiram takes alcohol.
  • The intention is that the ones taking disulfiram will not drink alcohol as it will make them feel sick.

Get more information about medical help for alcohol addiction.


Medications For Opiate And Heroin Addiction

Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin are all Opiates. The cravings and withdrawal symptoms of recovering from opiate addiction can be eased by some medications. Opiate and Heroin are available in tablet forms.

Withdrawal from Opiate use can go on for only a week for some people. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. Cases of withdrawal symptoms that have lasted for months and even years have been recorded. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. Ex-patients can use these medicines as long as they want.

For Heroin and painkillers these are some medicines:

  • Methadone
  • Methadone is for normal to high Opiate addictions.
  • It works by fusing to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers, however Methadone does not get the addict high.
  • Withdrawal symptoms and the urge to use are reduced by this.
  • Methadone is prescribed with attention since some patients have become addicted to it instead of Heroin and painkillers.
  • Every day, many doses of Methadone are dispensed by Methadone clinics.
  • You can find out more about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
  • Buprenorphine users may frequently take the drug home with them in place of heading to a centre each day to get it.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone works the same method for opiate addiction as it does for alcohol addiction.
  • This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
  • Some of the brain receptors activated by alcohol and opiates are the same and this is why this drug works for both addictions.

Medical Detox And Rehabilitation

Some people pick detoxification on their own. Detoxing with no medical supervision, it is difficult as well as risky. To gain sobriety with no added health issues or risk of relapsing, a medically supervised detox is the best and safest mode. Medical detoxification is necessary for people dependent on alcohol or Benzodiazepines.

It is wise to start the first step in addiction treatment with a medically supervised detox program.

Health problems can be improve through supervised detox. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Doctors adjust the medication for long-term program and as per the need of patients.

Medically supervised detoxification is also important for people with other health problems. Hypertension is a risk complication for patients going through detox, and the medical profession best handles it. Any complications can either be prevented or sorted out quickly during a medical detox.

In residential rehabilitation, detoxification is always part of the program. In some circumstances, inpatient rehabilitation takes from 30 to 90 days. The patient is placed under consistent monitoring and observation the first week of rehab which is very crucial. To improve the odds of recovering successfully, rehabilitation usually includes treatments such as behavioural therapy.

Medical rehab is the best choice for helping a loved one gain sobriety call 0800 246 1509.